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常用文件的二进制头信息

M酷
2022-04-04 / 1 评论 / 6 点赞 / 1,090 阅读 / 54,405 字 / 正在检测是否收录...

有时候,我们会需要去判断文件类型(比如业务中控制上传文件的类型),可能大家一般只是简单的去判断一下扩展名,比如是否图片就判断文件扩展名是否为 jpg\jpeg\png\gif 等格式中的一种,但是很遗憾,扩展名可以很容易的人为修改,所以这种判断是不可靠的。

那么,为了更加准确的去判断文件类型,我们可以通过读取文件的 二进制头信息,然后判断是否是指定类型的文件来实现。

下面整理了一些文件类型对应的二进制头信息,方便后面查阅。

[
    {"扩展名":123,"文件头标识(HEX)":"00001A00051004","文件描述":"Lotus1-2-3spreadsheet(v9)file"},
    {"扩展名":"3gg;3gp;3g2","文件头标识(HEX)":"000000nn66747970336770","文件描述":"3rdGenerationPartnershipProject3GPP(nn=0x14)and3GPP2(nn=0x20)multimediafiles"},
    {"扩展名":"7z","文件头标识(HEX)":"377ABCAF271C","文件描述":"7-ZIPcompressedfile"},
    {"扩展名":"aba","文件头标识(HEX)":"00014241","文件描述":"PalmAddressBookArchivefile"},
    {"扩展名":"abi","文件头标识(HEX)":"414F4C494E444558","文件描述":"AOLaddressbookindexfile"},
    {"扩展名":"aby;idx","文件头标识(HEX)":"414F4C4442","文件描述":"AOLdatabasefiles:addressbook(ABY)anduserconfigurationdata(MAIN.IDX)"},
    {"扩展名":"accdb","文件头标识(HEX)":"000100005374616E6461726420414345204442","文件描述":"MicrosoftAccess2007file"},
    {"扩展名":"ACM","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A","文件描述":"MSaudiocompressionmanagerdriver"},
    {"扩展名":"ADF","文件头标识(HEX)":"444F53","文件描述":"Amigadiskfile"},
    {"扩展名":"adx","文件头标识(HEX)":"0300000041505052","文件描述":"LotusApproachADXfile"},
    {"扩展名":"AIFF","文件头标识(HEX)":"464F524D00","文件描述":"AudioInterchangeFile"},
    {"扩展名":"ain","文件头标识(HEX)":"2112","文件描述":"AINCompressedArchiveFile"},
    {"扩展名":"ami","文件头标识(HEX)":"5B7665725D","文件描述":"LotusAmiPro"},
    {"扩展名":"amr","文件头标识(HEX)":"2321414D52","文件描述":"AdaptiveMulti-RateACELP(AlgebraicCodeExcitedLinearPrediction)Codec,commonlyaudioformatwithGSMcellphones"},
    {"扩展名":"ANI","文件头标识(HEX)":"52494646","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"API","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A900003000000","文件描述":"Acrobatplug-in"},
    {"扩展名":"arc","文件头标识(HEX)":"1A0x","文件描述":"LHarchivefile,oldversion(wherex=0x2,0x3,0x4,0x8or0x9fortypes1-5,respectively)"},
    {"扩展名":"arc","文件头标识(HEX)":"41724301","文件描述":"FreeArccompressedfile"},
    {"扩展名":"arj","文件头标识(HEX)":"60EA","文件描述":"ARJCompressedArchive"},
    {"扩展名":"ARJ","文件头标识(HEX)":"60EA27","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"ART","文件头标识(HEX)":"4A47030E000000","文件描述":"AOLARTfile"},
    {"扩展名":"ART","文件头标识(HEX)":"4A47040E000000","文件描述":"AOLARTfile"},
    {"扩展名":"asf","文件头标识(HEX)":"3026B2758E66CF11","文件描述":"WindowsMedia"},
    {"扩展名":"asf;wma;wmv","文件头标识(HEX)":"3026B2758E66CF11A6D900AA0062CE6C","文件描述":"MicrosoftWindowsMediaAudio/VideoFile(AdvancedStreamingFormat)"},
    {"扩展名":"asx","文件头标识(HEX)":"3C","文件描述":"AdvancedStreamredirectorfile"},
    {"扩展名":"au","文件头标识(HEX)":"2E736E64","文件描述":"SoundMachineAudioFile"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"NeXT/SunMicrosystemsμ-Lawaudiofile"},
    {"扩展名":"avi","文件头标识(HEX)":"41564920","文件描述":"AudioVideoInterleave(AVI)"},
    {"扩展名":"AX","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A","文件描述":"Librarycachefile"},
    {"扩展名":"AX","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A900003000000","文件描述":"DirectShowfilter"},
    {"扩展名":"bag","文件头标识(HEX)":"414F4C2046656564626167","文件描述":"AOLandAIMbuddylistfile"},
    {"扩展名":"BAS","文件头标识(HEX)":"202020","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"bin","文件头标识(HEX)":"424C4932323351","文件描述":"ThomsonSpeedtouchseriesWLANrouterfirmware"},
    {"扩展名":"bmp","文件头标识(HEX)":"424D","文件描述":"WindowsBitmap"},
    {"扩展名":"BMP","文件头标识(HEX)":"424D3E","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"bz;bz2","文件头标识(HEX)":"425A68","文件描述":"BZIPArchive"},
    {"扩展名":"BZ2;TAR.BZ2;TBZ2;TB2","文件头标识(HEX)":"425A68","文件描述":"bzip2compressedarchive"},
    {"扩展名":"CAB","文件头标识(HEX)":"495363","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"CAB;HDR","文件头标识(HEX)":"49536328","文件描述":"InstallShieldv5.xor6.xcompressedfile"},
    {"扩展名":"CAB","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D534346","文件描述":"MicrosoftCABFileFormat"},
    {"扩展名":"cat","文件头标识(HEX)":30,"文件描述":"Microsoftsecuritycatalogfile"},
    {"扩展名":"CBD","文件头标识(HEX)":"434246494C45","文件描述":"WordPerfectdictionaryfile(unconfirmed)"},
    {"扩展名":"CCD","文件头标识(HEX)":"5B436C","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"cdr","文件头标识(HEX)":"CDR","文件描述":"CorelDraw"},
    {"扩展名":"CDR","文件头标识(HEX)":"454C49544520436F6D6D616E64657220","文件描述":"ElitePlusCommandersavedgamefile"},
    {"扩展名":"CDR,DVF","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D535F564F494345","文件描述":"SonyCompressedVoiceFile"},
    {"扩展名":"CHI;CHM","文件头标识(HEX)":"49545346","文件描述":"MicrosoftCompiledHTMLHelpFile"},
    {"扩展名":"CHM","文件头标识(HEX)":"495453","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"CLB","文件头标识(HEX)":"434D5831","文件描述":"CorelBinarymetafile"},
    {"扩展名":"CLB","文件头标识(HEX)":"434F4D2B","文件描述":"COM+Catalogfile"},
    {"扩展名":"cnt","文件头标识(HEX)":"3A42617365","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"COM,DLL,DRV,EXE,PIF,QTS,QTX,SYS","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A","文件描述":"Windows/DOSexecutablefile"},
    {"扩展名":"COM","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5AEE","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"COM","文件头标识(HEX)":"E93B03","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"CPE","文件头标识(HEX)":"464158434F5645522D564552","文件描述":"MicrosoftFaxCoverSheet"},
    {"扩展名":"CPL","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A","文件描述":"Controlpanelapplication"},
    {"扩展名":"CPT","文件头标识(HEX)":"4350543746494C45","文件描述":"CorelPhotopaintfile"},
    {"扩展名":"CPT","文件头标识(HEX)":"43505446494C45","文件描述":"CorelPhotopaintfile"},
    {"扩展名":"CPX","文件头标识(HEX)":"5B5769","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"cru;crush","文件头标识(HEX)":"4352555348","文件描述":"CRUSHArchiveFile"},
    {"扩展名":"CRU","文件头标识(HEX)":"43525553482076","文件描述":"Crushcompressedarchive"},
    {"扩展名":"CRW","文件头标识(HEX)":"49491A00000048454150434344520200","文件描述":"CanondigitalcameraRAWfile"},
    {"扩展名":"CTF","文件头标识(HEX)":"436174616C6F6720332E303000","文件描述":"WhereIsItCatalogfile"},
    {"扩展名":"CUR","文件头标识(HEX)":"0000020001002020","文件描述":"Windowscursorfile"},
    {"扩展名":"dat","文件头标识(HEX)":3,"文件描述":"MapInfoNativeDataFormat"},
    {"扩展名":"dat","文件头标识(HEX)":"1A52545320434F4D5052455353454420494D4147452056312E301A","文件描述":"RuntimeSoftwarediskimage"},
    {"扩展名":"dat","文件头标识(HEX)":"415647365F496E746567726974795F4461746162617365","文件描述":"AVG6Integritydatabasefile"},
    {"扩展名":"DAT","文件头标识(HEX)":"43524547","文件描述":"Windows9xregistryhive"},
    {"扩展名":"DAT","文件头标识(HEX)":"436C69656E742055726C4361636865204D4D462056657220","文件描述":"IEHistoryDATfile"},
    {"扩展名":"DAT","文件头标识(HEX)":"45524653534156454441544146494C45","文件描述":"KrollEasyRecoverySavedRecoveryStatefile"},
    {"扩展名":"DAT","文件头标识(HEX)":"496E6E6F20536574757020556E696E7374616C6C204C6F6720286229","文件描述":"InnoSetupUninstallLogfile"},
    {"扩展名":"db","文件头标识(HEX)":"0006156100000002000004D200001000","文件描述":"NetscapeNavigator(v4)databasefile"},
    {"扩展名":"DB","文件头标识(HEX)":"44424648","文件描述":"PalmZirephotodatabase"},
    {"扩展名":"db","文件头标识(HEX)":8,"文件描述":"dBASEIVordBFastconfigurationfile"},
    {"扩展名":"db3","文件头标识(HEX)":3,"文件描述":"dBASEIIIfile"},
    {"扩展名":"db4","文件头标识(HEX)":4,"文件描述":"dBASEIVdatafile"},
    {"扩展名":"dba","文件头标识(HEX)":"00014244","文件描述":"PalmDateBookArchivefile"},
    {"扩展名":"dbx","文件头标识(HEX)":"CFAD12FE","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"dbx","文件头标识(HEX)":"CFAD12FEC5FD746F","文件描述":"OutlookExpress"},
    {"扩展名":"dci","文件头标识(HEX)":"3C21646F63747970","文件描述":"AOLHTMLmailfile"},
    {"扩展名":"dcx","文件头标识(HEX)":"3ADE68B1","文件描述":"DCXGraphicFile"},
    {"扩展名":"DDB","文件头标识(HEX)":"000100","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"dib","文件头标识(HEX)":"424D","文件描述":"device-independentbitmapimage"},
    {"扩展名":"DLL","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A90","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"DMP","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D444D5093A7","文件描述":"Windowsminidumpfile"},
    {"扩展名":"DMS","文件头标识(HEX)":"444D5321","文件描述":"AmigaDiskMashercompressedarchive"},
    {"扩展名":"doc","文件头标识(HEX)":"0D444F43","文件描述":"DeskMateDocumentfile"},
    {"扩展名":"doc","文件头标识(HEX)":"1234567890FF","文件描述":"MSWord6.0"},
    {"扩展名":"doc","文件头标识(HEX)":"31BE000000AB0000","文件描述":"MSWordforDOS6.0"},
    {"扩展名":"doc","文件头标识(HEX)":"7FFE340A","文件描述":"MSWord"},
    {"扩展名":"dot;ppt;xla;ppa;pps;pot;msi;sdw;db","文件头标识(HEX)":"D0CF11E0","文件描述":"MSOffice/OLE2"},
    {"扩展名":"doc;dot;xls;xlt;xla;ppt;apr;ppa;pps;pot;msi;sdw;db","文件头标识(HEX)":"D0CF11E0A1B11AE1","文件描述":"MSCompoundDocumentv1orLotusApproachAPRfile"},
    {"扩展名":"DPL","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A50","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"DRV","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A16","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"drw","文件头标识(HEX)":7,"文件描述":"Acommonsignatureandfileextensionformanydrawingprograms."},
    {"扩展名":"drw","文件头标识(HEX)":"01FF02040302","文件描述":"Micrografxvectorgraphicfile"},
    {"扩展名":"ds4","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D47582069747064","文件描述":"MicrografixDesigner4"},
    {"扩展名":"DSN","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D56","文件描述":"CDStomperProlabelfile"},
    {"扩展名":"dsp","文件头标识(HEX)":"23204D6963726F736F667420446576656C6F7065722053747564696F","文件描述":"MicrosoftDeveloperStudioprojectfile"},
    {"扩展名":"dss","文件头标识(HEX)":"02647373","文件描述":"DigitalSpeechStandard(Olympus,Grundig,&Phillips)"},
    {"扩展名":"dtd","文件头标识(HEX)":"0764743264647464","文件描述":"DesignTools2DDesignfile"},
    {"扩展名":"dtd","文件头标识(HEX)":"3C21454E54495459","文件描述":"XMLDTD"},
    {"扩展名":"DVR","文件头标识(HEX)":"445644","文件描述":"DVR-Studiostreamfile"},
    {"扩展名":"dwg","文件头标识(HEX)":"414331","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"41433130","文件描述":"GenericAutoCADdrawing"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"NOTESonAutoCADfileheaders:The0x41-43-31-30(AC10)isagenericheader,occupyingthefirstfourbytesinthefile.Thenexttwobytesgivefurtherindicationabouttheversionorsubtype:"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x30-32(02)—AutoCADR2.5"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x30-33(03)—AutoCADR2.6"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x30-34(04)—AutoCADR9"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x30-36(06)—AutoCADR10"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x30-39(09)—AutoCADR11/R12"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x31-30(10)—AutoCADR13(subtype10)"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x31-31(11)—AutoCADR13(subtype11)"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x31-32(12)—AutoCADR13(subtype12)"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x31-33(13)—AutoCADR14(subtype13)"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x31-34(14)—AutoCADR14(subtype14)"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x31-35(15)—AutoCADR2000"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x31-38(18)—AutoCADR2004"},
    {"扩展名":"","文件头标识(HEX)":"","文件描述":"0x32-31(21)—AutoCADR2007"},
    {"扩展名":"Enn(wherennarenumbers)","文件头标识(HEX)":"455646","文件描述":"EnCaseevidencefile"},
    {"扩展名":"ECO","文件头标识(HEX)":"2A5052","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"elf","文件头标识(HEX)":"7F454C4601010100","文件描述":"ELFExecutable"},
    {"扩展名":"emf","文件头标识(HEX)":"0100000058000000","文件描述":"Extended(Enhanced)WindowsMetafileFormat,printerspoolfile"},
    {"扩展名":"eml","文件头标识(HEX)":"44656C69766572792D646174653A","文件描述":"Email"},
    {"扩展名":"EML","文件头标识(HEX)":"46726F6D202020","文件描述":"Acommmonfileextensionfore-mailfiles.SignaturesshownhereareforNetscape,Eudora,andagenericsignature,respectively.EMLisalsousedbyOutlookExpressandQuickMail."},
    {"扩展名":"EML","文件头标识(HEX)":"46726F6D203F3F3F","文件描述":"Acommmonfileextensionfore-mailfiles.SignaturesshownhereareforNetscape,Eudora,andagenericsignature,respectively.EMLisalsousedbyOutlookExpressandQuickMail."},
    {"扩展名":"EML","文件头标识(HEX)":"46726F6D3A20","文件描述":"Acommmonfileextensionfore-mailfiles.SignaturesshownhereareforNetscape,Eudora,andagenericsignature,respectively.EMLisalsousedbyOutlookExpressandQuickMail."},
    {"扩展名":"EML","文件头标识(HEX)":"526563","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"enc","文件头标识(HEX)":"005C41B1FF","文件描述":"MujahideenSecrets2encryptedfile"},
    {
        "扩展名": "enl",
        "文件头标识(HEX)": "[32byteoffset] 40 40 40 20 00 00 40 40 40 40",
        "文件描述": "EndNote Library File"
    },
    {"扩展名":"eps","文件头标识(HEX)":"25215053","文件描述":"AdobeEPSFile"},
    {"扩展名":"eps","文件头标识(HEX)":"252150532D41646F6265","文件描述":"Postscript"},
    {"扩展名":"eps","文件头标识(HEX)":"252150532D41646F62652D332E3020455053462D332030","文件描述":"AdobeencapsulatedPostScriptfile(Ifthissignatureisnotattheimmediatebeginningofthefile,itwilloccurearlyinthefile,commonlyatbyteoffset30)"},
    {"扩展名":"EPS","文件头标识(HEX)":"C5D0D3","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"eth","文件头标识(HEX)":"1A350100","文件描述":"GNNettestWinPharoahcapturefile"},
    {"扩展名":"evt","文件头标识(HEX)":"300000004C664C65","文件描述":"WindowsEventViewerfile"},
    {"扩展名":"evt","文件头标识(HEX)":"03000000C466C456","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"EVTX","文件头标识(HEX)":"456C6646696C6500","文件描述":"WindowsVistaeventlogfile"},
    {"扩展名":"exe;dll;drv;vxd;sys;ocx;vbx","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A","文件描述":"Win32Executable"},
    {"扩展名":"exe;dll;drv;vxd;sys;ocx;vbx","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A","文件描述":"Win16Executable"},
    {"扩展名":"exe;com;386;ax;acm;sys;dll;drv;flt;fon;ocx;scr;lrc;vxd;cpl;x32","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A","文件描述":"ExecutableFile"},
    {"扩展名":"EXE,DLL,OCX,OLB,IMM,IME","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A90","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"fli","文件头标识(HEX)":"0011AF","文件描述":"FLICAnimationfile"},
    {"扩展名":"flt","文件头标识(HEX)":"000101","文件描述":"OpenFlight3Dfile"},
    {"扩展名":"FLT","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A900003000000","文件描述":"Auditiongraphicfilterfile(Adobe)"},
    {"扩展名":"FLV","文件头标识(HEX)":"464C5601","文件描述":"Flashvideofile"},
    {"扩展名":"fm","文件头标识(HEX)":"3C4D616B657246696C6520","文件描述":"AdobeFrameMakerfile"},
    {"扩展名":"fm3","文件头标识(HEX)":"00001A0007800100","文件描述":"Lotus123v3FMTfile"},
    {"扩展名":"fmt","文件头标识(HEX)":"20006800200","文件描述":"Lotus123v4FMTfile"},
    {"扩展名":"FNT","文件头标识(HEX)":"434841","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"FON","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D5A","文件描述":"Fontfile"},
    {"扩展名":"GBC","文件头标识(HEX)":"87F53E","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"gid","文件头标识(HEX)":"3F5F0300","文件描述":"WindowsHelpIndexFile"},
    {"扩展名":"GID","文件头标识(HEX)":"4C4E0200","文件描述":"WindowsHelpindexfile"},
    {"扩展名":"GIF","文件头标识(HEX)":"47494638","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"gif","文件头标识(HEX)":"474946383761","文件描述":"Graphicsinterchangeformatfile(GIF87A)"},
    {"扩展名":"gif","文件头标识(HEX)":"474946383961","文件描述":"Graphicsinterchangeformatfile(GIF89A)"},
    {"扩展名":"GTD","文件头标识(HEX)":"7B5072","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"GX2","文件头标识(HEX)":"475832","文件描述":"ShowPartnergraphicsfile(notconfirmed)"},
    {"扩展名":"gz;tar;tgz","文件头标识(HEX)":"1F8B","文件描述":"GzipArchiveFile"},
    {"扩展名":"gz;tgz","文件头标识(HEX)":"1F8B08","文件描述":"GZCompressedFile"},
    {"扩展名":"hap","文件头标识(HEX)":"91334846","文件描述":"HAPArchiveFile"},
    {"扩展名":"HDMP","文件头标识(HEX)":"4D444D5093A7","文件描述":"Windowsheapdumpfile"},
    {"扩展名":"hdr","文件头标识(HEX)":"233F52414449414E43450A","文件描述":"adianceHighDynamicRangeimagefile"},
    {"扩展名":"HLP","文件头标识(HEX)":"3F5F03","文件描述":""},
    {"扩展名":"hlp","文件头标识(HEX)":"3F5F0300","文件描述":"WindowsHelpfile"},
    {"扩展名":"HLP","文件头标识(HEX)":"4C4E0200","文件描述":"WindowsHelpfile"},
    {
        "扩展名": "hlp",
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]
6
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